Jihad (Arabic: struggle or effort) – in its broadest context it refers to any effort to make Muslim’s lives conform to God’s guidance. Traditionally jihad was divided into two types: “greater jihad” (inner struggle against sinful behaviour) and “lesser jihad” (military sense). In Western culture, it has been most commonly associated with the use of violence, including paramilitary action against persons, and governments deemed to be enemies of the fundamentalist version of Islam.

« Back to Glossary Index